Oral Cancer – Treatment and Surgery from Best Cancer Hospitals in India
India has world-class facilities to offer the best possible treatment for oral cancer treatment in India. Considering many men and women in India chew tobacco, gutkha and smoke cigarettes and beedis, oral cancer is quite prevalent across all social strata. Hence, the oncologists here are not just experienced, but also some of the best in the world when it comes to diagnosing and treating oral cancer.
Know About Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is a cancer of the mouth and can develop in any part of the oral cavity or oropharynx. The lining inside mouth called carcinoma is the main factor that makes up to 90% of all oral cancers. Oral cancer is often diagnosed when it is already advanced and hence more people die from oral cancer than from cervical cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or melanoma.
Diagnosis of Oral Cancer
Oral cancer specialists in India use the following tests to diagnose oral cancer:
Throat and Mouth Examination – A special instrument known as flexible Laryngoscope is used for viewing within the throat and mouth.
Biopsy – A sample tissue is taken and sent to a laboratory to determine the type of cells and whether they are cancerous or non-cancerous
A Barium Swallow and Meal Test – In this test, the patient is given a drink containing barium. Thereafter, X-ray images of abnormal growths in the digestive system down to the stomach will be taken to confirm how much the oral cancer has spread.
Treatment of Oral Cancer at World Class Hospitals in India
Surgical Treatment Approach
Surgery is the most frequent treatment for oral cancer. It depends on the type and stage of the tumour. Some of them include:
Removal of part or all of the jaw
Removal of lymph nodes and other tissues in the neck
Removal of the tumour or a larger area to remove the tumour and surrounding healthy tissue
Removal of bone in the roof of the mouth
Dental surgery to remove teeth or assist with reconstruction
Biological Therapy Approach
With the help of biological therapy, the activity of the cancer cells is changed. Cetuximab is a type of biological therapy that is also referred to as a monoclonal antibody. The surface of the cancer cells that triggers the development of cancer cells is blocked with the help of Cetuximab.
Radiotherapy Therapy Approach
Radiation is used to kill cancerous cells in this method. It is also usually used after surgery to prevent the cancer from re-occurring. Internal radiotherapy is a type of radiotherapy used to treat cancer of the tongue that is in an early stage. It involves sticking radioactive wires or needles directly into the tumour while you are under a general anaesthesia. The wires or needles, then release a dose of radiation into the tumour to kill the cancerous cells.
When the cancer is widespread, chemotherapy used in combination with radiotherapy to kill the cancer cells, if it is thought there is a significant risk of the cancer returning. Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful cancer-killing drugs.
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