Leukemia Cancer Treatment in India
The world-class medical technology combined with highly skilled oncologists and surgeons has made India one of the best destinations for leukemia treatment. In fact, India has the privilege of being home to some of the best cancer hospitals and facilities in the world. You can avail the best treatments for leukemia at an affordable price in these facilities.
Know About Leukemia Cancer
Leukemia or blood cancer starts in the tissue that forms blood. This tissue is the bone marrow that is located inside the bones. The marrow is a soft, spongy center of the bone which produces three types of blood cells:
White blood cells that fight infection
Red blood cells that carry oxygen
Platelets that help with blood clotting and bleeding
The abnormal cells produced by the bone marrow are leukaemia cells. These cells interrupt the development process of a normal blood cell. They crowd out the normal and healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets and makes it hard for normal blood cells to do their work.
Diagnosis for leukemia
Oncologists in India use the following tests to confirm the presence of leukemia in a patient.
Blood tests – It is done to identify the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets in blood. Leukaemia causes a very high level of white blood cells, low levels of platelets and haemoglobin (a part of the red blood cells).
Bone marrow biopsy – A thick, hollow needle is used to remove samples of bone marrow.
Spinal tap – Certain amount of clear fluid surrounding the spinal cord and/or brain is taken to check for the presence of cancer cells.
Cytogenetics – The chromosomes of cells from samples of blood, bone marrow or lymph nodes are checked for any cancer cell.
Most Advanced & Latest Leukemia Treatment at World class Cancer Facility Hospital in India
Surgical Treatment Approach
It is performed to remove an enlarged spleen or to install a venous access device to give medications and withdraw blood samples.
Interferon therapy for Leukemia Treatment
This helps to slow the reproduction of leukemia cells and promote the immune system’s anti-leukaemia activity.
Stem Cell Transplantation for Leukemia Treatment
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered in young patients who have high chances of dying. Autologous stem cell transplantation is a lower-risk treatment where the patient’s own blood cells are taken. However, it is not curative. Myeloablative is a high-risk treatment done using blood cells from a healthy donor to treat cancer. It may be curative for some patients, but most patients cannot tolerate the treatment.
Radiation Therapy Treatment Approach
In this, energy rays, such as X-rays are used to stop the growth and multiplication of the cancer cells. This energy is directed at any particular part of the body, such as the spleen or also to the entire body to kill malignant cells circulating through the body.
Biological Therapy Approach
This involves the treatment with those substances that affect the ability of an immune system to kill cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies and interferon are the two types of biological therapy. The purpose of monoclonal antibodies is to stick to cancer cells in order to draw the attention of the immune system to these cancer cells. Interferon helps in stimulating the immune system so as to destroy the cancer cells. These two options are generally used for chronic leukaemia instead of acute leukaemia.
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