Esophageal Cancer Treatment at Affordable Cost From Best Hospital in India
India is a culturally diverse country and has some of the world’s best trained medical experts for all types of diseases and illness. Indian hospitals boast of trained, English-speaking nurses, physiotherapists and other support staff to provide compassionate care, especially for cancer patients.
After examining each patient’s type of esophageal cancer and the stage of the malignancy, specialists here decide on the most appropriate treatment plan.
Know About Esophageal Cancer
The esophagus is the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. The uncontrollable growth of cells in the esophagus causes esophageal cancer. The malignancy usually begins in the inner layer of the esophagus and spreads further into the other layers of the oesophagus and also to different parts of the body.
There are two types of esophageal cancer – adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous carcinoma occurs in upper and middle third, and adenocarcinoma is mostly limited to lower third. Oesophageal carcinomas are usually diagnosed late since obstructive features like swallowing difficulty occur when a part of the oesophagus is blocked by a big tumour which has already become advanced.
Diagnosis of Esophageal cancer
The following tests are used to diagnose the cancer:
Endoscopic Ultrasound – The oncologist guides a thin, lighted tube called an endoscope down the esophagus. The endoscope provides a clear view of the esophagus and allows the oncologist to remove a small sample of tissue, which is sent to a pathologist for further study.
PET scan – Positron Emission Tomography is the first step in staging esophageal cancer. It is usually done through a CT scan, which is a type of X-ray that produces images of the body in cross sections. Unlike conventional X-rays, advanced CT technology is faster, more sensitive and uses less radiation than older CT scans.
CT scan – This test also is used to stage esophageal cancer. The CT scan is a type of non-invasive imaging test that combines X-rays and computer technology to produce images of the body. It helps doctors determine whether the cancer has spread into other organs, such as the lungs or liver.
Most Advanced Treatment Options available for Esophageal Cancer in India
Robotic surgery for Esophageal cancer Treatment
Robotic surgery is a set of techniques that uses small incisions to enter the body, limiting the damage to the amount of healthy tissue that is affected during an operation. This is a minimally invasive technique, but is not always effective for all patients with esophageal cancer. When appropriate, this treatment option is used to reduce pain and ensure shorter hospital stay and fewer complications.
Radiation Therapy Treatment Approach
It is first deployed to shrink the tumour with carefully directed radiation at the tumour. This helps destroy or reduce the tumour, because cancer cells divide and grow faster than normal cells. Normal cells usually recover successfully from new-age radiation devices like Linac, Gamma Knife, Novalis and Cyberknife. Radiation therapy is given as an outpatient for 5 minutes for 5 to 6 weeks.
Chemotherapy Treatment Approach
Several chemotherapy drugs are given that work to kill the cancer in the oesophagus. The specific medication or combination of medications is selected based on the tumour type and medical history of the patient. Chemotherapy usually is given as an inpatient treatment for 4-5 day. Other medications before and during chemotherapy are prescribed which are designed to minimize the side effects of this esophageal cancer treatment.
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