High Quality Cervical Cancer Treatment at Affordable Cost in India
Indian hospitals are renowned for offering some of the best cancer treatment options at affordable prices. The latest high-end medical devices and technologies such as Brain Suite, PET Scan, CyberKnife, Gamma Knife, IMRT and IGRT aid medical oncologists diagnose the cervical cancer in women quicker. These treatment options also aid in faster recovery.
Know About Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is the malignancy that starts in the cervix. It instigates from the cells located on the surface of the cervix and occurs in several forms. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most prevalent cervical cancer. It accounts for 85 to 90 percent of all cases of cervical cancers. Adenocarcinoma and combination cancers such as adenosquamous carcinoma are the next on the list.
HPV (human papillomavirus) transmitted during sex plays a vital role in causing most cases of cervical cancers. The type of cervical cancer is determined by the type of cell where the early genetic mutation occurred.
Diagnosis of Cervical cancer
Doctors in India use a wide variety of tests to diagnose the presence of cervical cancer. These include:
Pap smear – The gynaeconcologist collects cells via PAP smear from the cervix during a vaginal exam to look for abnormal, or precancerous changes in the lining of the cervix.
Colposcopy – If the PAP smear results are abnormal, a doctor may check the cervix using a magnifying lens (colposcopy) and then collects and examines the cells (biopsy) to determine the presence of malignant cells.
Hybrid Capture II Test – It is a DNA-based test that provides information about 13 types of HPV virus that might be the agents of infection of cervical cells. This test tells if the patient requires treatment.
CT and MRI scan – This is done to view the exact location of cancer and to find out whether the malignancy has spread to other parts of the body.
Treatment of Advanced Cervical Cancers at World class Cancer Facility Hospitals
Surgical Treatment Approach for Early Stage & Advanced Cervical Cancers
It helps remove cancerous cells completely from the cervix. The types of surgeries done for early cervical cancer are:
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP): In this procedure, electricity is used to eliminate abnormal tissues.
Laser therapy: With the help of light, malignant cells are burnt and destroyed.
Cryotherapy: The abnormal cells are frozen using this therapy. The freezing kills the cancerous cells, which are then eliminated from the body after being metabolized.
Radical hysterectomy: Uterus and other surrounding tissues, including lymph nodes and upper part of the vagina, are removed surgically in this procedure.
A gynaeconcologist and plastic surgeon work together to restore as much anatomy and function of the uterus as possible through reconstructive surgery. This teamwork is especially important in radical cancer surgery that includes surgical reconstruction as part of the treatment plan.
Radiation therapy Treatment Approach
High-powered energy is used to destroy cancer cells. It is done internally by placing devices filled with radioactive material around the cervix. External beam radiation is given when radiation therapy is performed externally. In premenopausal women, menstruation may stop due to radiation therapy and may start menopause.
Chemotherapy Treatment Approach
Chemotherapy uses drugs, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, 5-FU and cisplatin, to destroy cervical cancer. It is generally used along with radiation to sensitize the tumour. Radiation and chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery.
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