Breast Cancer Treatment at Affordable Cost From Worldclass Cancer Hospitals in India
Worldclass Cancer Facility hospitals in India provides the most comprehensive care for patients with Breast cancer. With the latest technology, the cancer can now be detected at an early stage and can be completely treated. One can be assured that right from cancer screening, early detection, and multi-disciplinary treatment to rehabilitation; everything can be done under one roof.
Know About Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer. There are several types of breast cancer, which can be diagnosed at different stages of development and grows at different rates.
There are mainly two types of breast cancer. These are:
Ductal carcinoma – Most breast cancers diagnosed are of this type. This starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple.
Lobular carcinoma – This breast cancer starts in parts of the breast called lobules, which produce milk.
Many breast cancers are sensitive to estrogen, a female hormone. In rare cases, it can also start in other areas of the breast.
Modalities for Accurate Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Clinical examination – The doctor will check the breast for any visible lumps, swellings or changes. This is done through palpation of the breast.
Mammogram – It is most used radiographic method available today to detect breast cancer early. It is an X-ray of the breast that can show the presence of abnormal growth in the breast area.
Ultra-Sonography – High frequency sound waves help identify whether the lump is filled with liquid or solid. On finding a lump, the doctor will recommend further investigation.
Aspiration – A fine needle is inserted into the lump to take the tissue or liquid out of it. The sample is then checked by a pathologist for cancer.
Surgical Biopsy – In this, a small part of the lump is removed by surgery and then the lump is tested for further diagnosis.
Most Advanced Breast Cancer Treatment Options available in India
Advanced Treatment Options
There are mainly six types of standard treatments for breast cancer. These are Surgery, Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy followed by surgery, Hormone Therapy, Radiation Therapy, Chemotherapy and Targeted Therapy
Surgical Treatment Approach
The main surgeries performed for breast cancer are:
a.) Breast Conservation Surgery – Only the lump in the breast is removed while keeping the rest of the breast tissue safe
b.) Modified Radical Mastectomy - Entire breast tissue is removed and usually this is followed by a reconstructive surgery
c.) Lumpectomy - Removal of cancerous lump along with the surrounding breast tissues.
Hormone therapy Treatment Approach
It is a whole-body treatment for hormone-receptor-positive breast cancers using certain medicines. Hormone receptors are like ears on breast cells that listen to signals from hormones. These signals “turn on” growth in cells that have receptors. So, when cancerous cells have hormone receptors, these receptors are blocked using specific medication, thereby preventing the cancer from growing or spreading.
Chemotherapy Treatment Approach
Certain drugs are used to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing and multiplying.Many Patients may require Chemotherapy after the Breast Cancer Surgery. It may be administered as Neoadjuvant,Adjuvant and Palliative chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy Treatment Approach
High-energy X-rays or other types of radiation are used to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing.Breast Conservation Surgery is always followed byRadiation Therapy .This procedure is painless and the patient does not feel anything when the treatment is going on.
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